Bald Eagle

The bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is the national bird of the United States of America and is one of the most iconic birds in the world. It is a large bird of prey, with a wingspan of up to 7 feet and a weight of up to 14 pounds. The bald eagle is known for its distinctive white head and tail, and its brown body.

Bald eagles are found throughout North America, from Alaska to Mexico. They prefer to live near large bodies of water, such as lakes, rivers, and oceans. Bald eagles are carnivores, and their diet consists mainly of fish. They also eat small mammals, birds, and reptiles.

Bald eagles are solitary birds, and they only pair up during the breeding season. Bald eagles build their nests in tall trees, and the female eagle lays two to four eggs. The eggs hatch after about 35 days, and the chicks fledge from the nest after about 10 weeks.

Bald eagles are protected by law in the United States. They were once endangered, but their populations have recovered in recent years. Bald eagles are now a common sight in many parts of the country.


Bald eagles live in a variety of habitats, including forests, lakes, rivers, and coastlines. They prefer to nest in tall trees near water sources.


Bald eagles are carnivores and their diet consists primarily of fish. They also eat small mammals, birds, and reptiles.


Bald eagles are solitary birds and only come together to mate and raise their young. They are also very territorial and will defend their territory from other bald eagles.


Bald eagles have a lifespan of up to 20 years in the wild.


Bald eagles have a number of adaptations that help them survive in their environment. These adaptations include:
  • Sharp eyesight: Bald eagles have very sharp eyesight, which helps them to spot prey from a distance.
  • Powerful talons: Bald eagles have powerful talons that they use to catch and kill prey.
  • Strong wings: Bald eagles have strong wings that allow them to fly long distances.
Mating and reproduction

Bald eagles reach sexual maturity at around 4 to 5 years of age. They mate for life and build their nests together. The female eagle lays two eggs, which are incubated for about 35 days. Both parents help to raise the young eagles, which fledge at around 10 to 12 weeks of age.


Bald eagles have few predators in the wild. Their main predators are other bald eagles, owls, and coyotes.

Conservation status

Bald eagles were once listed as endangered in the United States, but their population has recovered in recent years. They are now considered to be of least concern.

Interesting facts
  • Bald eagles are not actually bald. Their heads and tails are covered in white feathers.
  • Bald eagles are monogamous and mate for life.
  • Bald eagles can fly at speeds of up to 35 miles per hour.
  • Bald eagles can live for up to 20 years in the wild.
  • Bald eagles are the national bird of the United States.
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